Huntington’s Disease Treatment in Hyderabad
Huntington’s disease is a rare brain disease that mainly affects the central nervous system. It is an inherited disease which causes problems such as uncontrollable movements, loss of thinking ability and mood etc.
What Causes Huntington’s Disease?
Huntington’s disease is caused by a defective gene called huntingtin in the DNA. If your parents have this abnormal gene, you may also inherit this disease and can pass it to your next generations as well. It is an autosomal dominant disorder, which means a single copy of this gene can cause the disease.
There is a copying error with the genetic mutations that cause this disease. The area in this gene is copied several times and the repeated copies tend to increase the risk of this disease. The severity of the disease increases with the increase in repeats.
People with a high number of repeats will experience symptoms in the early stages.
Signs of Huntington’s Disease
Symptoms of Huntington’s disease vary from one person to other. The symptoms usually appear between 30-50 years of age but can have symptoms in children and juveniles also. The common symptoms include:
- Mood swings, depression and personality changes
- Anger and irritability
- Uncontrollable movements of arms, legs, face, head and upper body
- Loss of thinking and reasoning skills such as judgement, memory etc
- Repeating the same activities again and again
- Slurred speech
- Frequent falling
The uncontrollable movements can also lead to weight loss and can affect walking and moving around safely. Slowly, the patient also finds difficulty to perform his work, drive and manage his things. Over time, the patient may also find it difficult while speaking and swallowing food. The movements also become slow and stiff.
People with severe Huntington disease will need special care to perform their day to day activities.
The diagnosis for Huntington’s disease is based on the patient’s symptoms and family medical history. There are several tests to assist in diagnosing the problem. The tests include:
- Neurological test to check reflexes, balances, strength, muscle tone and senses
- If the patient has seizures, Electroencephalogram (EEG) test will be conducted to measure electrical activity in the brain.
- CT scans to get images of the brain
- MRI scan to get detailed images of the brain
- Psychiatric test to check emotional state and behaviour changes
- A genetic test to detect a defective gene that causes Huntington’s disease
There is no treatment to stop Huntington’s disease. But, the symptoms can be managed with treatment. A neurologist may prescribe medications to reduce anxiety, depression and calm down uncontrollable movements. Physical therapy can help develop strength, balance and flexibility.
Speech therapists can help with communication. He also teaches other types of communication if the patient cannot speak. A nutritionist can help with eating, swallowing and weight loss.
Visit Nikhil Hospital for Huntington Treatment
If you have any symptoms of Huntington’s disease and is not able to cope up with the symptoms, visit Nikhil Hospital. It is one of the best neurology hospitals in Hyderabad. Our doctors are intended to serve the patients with utmost care and commitment. Book your appointment to discuss with one of our neurologists.