Seizures Treatment in Hyderabad
A seizure is a sudden change in the brain’s normal electrical activity. During a seizure, brain cells “fire” uncontrollably at up to four times their normal rate, temporarily affecting the way a person behaves, moves, thinks or feels.
There are two major types of seizures:
- Primary generalized seizures – The seizure affects the entire cerebral cortex, the outer portion of the brain that contains the majority of brain cells. In this type of seizure, the abnormal firing of brain cells occurs on both sides of the brain at about the same time.
- Partial (focal) seizure – The abnormal firing of brain cells begins in one region of the brain and remains in that one region.
Many conditions can affect the brain and trigger a seizure, including:
- Brain injury, either before or after birth
- Infections, especially meningitis and encephalitis
- Eating or drinking toxic substances
- Metabolic problems
- High fever (in children)
- Genetic conditions, including tuberous sclerosis
- Structural abnormalities in the brain’s blood vessels
It can cause changes in your behaviour, movements or feelings, and in levels of consciousness. If you have two or more seizures or a tendency to have recurrent seizures, you have epilepsy. You can trust Nikhil Hospital for the diagnosis and the treatment-related to the disease. The doctors are well experienced to handle the situation.
With a seizure, signs and symptoms can range from mild to severe and vary depending on the type of seizure. Seizure signs and symptoms may include:
- Temporary confusion
- A staring spell
- Uncontrollable jerking movements of the arms and legs
- Loss of consciousness or awareness
- Cognitive or emotional symptoms, such as fear, anxiety.
Doctors generally classify seizures as either focal or generalized, based on how and where abnormal brain activity begins. Seizures may also be classified as unknown onset if how the seizure starts isn’t known.
The diagnosis is based primarily on the symptoms that were described. Usually, the physical exam and neurological examination are normal between spells. An adult who experiences a seizure for the first time will be evaluated with a head scan and blood tests to look for chemical imbalances. That may be either computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the brain. Most people with a new diagnosis of seizure undergo an electroencephalogram (EEG), which monitors and records brain waves from a series of electrodes placed on the scalp.
Treatment for Seizures
The primary goal of epilepsy therapy is to prevent seizures as much as possible and minimize side effects. When seizures are related to an identifiable illness or condition – such as overuse of alcohol or a severe chemical imbalance in the blood – the seizures usually go away when the problem is corrected. When no medical cause for seizures can be found and seizures continue to occur, antiepileptic medications are prescribed. Treatment of epilepsy can be complex. If a single medication doesn’t fully control seizures, the next step is usually a referral to a neurologist.
When medication fails to control a person’s seizures, surgery may be considered. The decision to do surgery depends on many factors, including the frequency and severity of seizures, the patient’s risk of brain damage or injury from frequent seizures, the effect on the quality of life, the patient’s overall health, and the likelihood that surgery will control the seizures.
When to see a doctor
Seek immediate medical help if any of the following occurs:
- The seizure lasts more than five minutes.
- Breathing or consciousness doesn’t return after the seizure stops.
- A second seizure follows immediately.
- You have a high fever.
- You’re experiencing heat exhaustion.
The Neurologists in the Nikhil Hospital are well experienced in this field. You can feel free to contact the hospital for your doubts or clarification. You will get the exact treatment options following your symptoms if you have any.