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tension type headache treatment in hyderabad

Tension Type Headache causes, symptoms and treatment

A tension headache is the most common type of headache. It can cause mild, moderate, or intense pain behind your eyes and in your head and neck. Some people say that a tension headache feels like a tight band around their forehead. Most people who experience tension headaches have episodic headaches. These occur one or two times per month on average. However, tension headaches can also be chronic. A tension headache is generally a diffuse, mild to moderate pain in your head that’s often described as feeling like a tight band around your head.

Treatments for tension headaches are available. Managing a tension headache is often a balance between fostering healthy habits, finding effective non-drug treatments and using medications appropriately. Treatments for tension headaches are available. Managing a tension headache is often a balance between fostering healthy habits, finding effective non-drug treatments and using medications appropriately. 

This type of headache can:

  • Start at the back of your head and spread forward
  • Become a band of dull pressure or squeezing pain around your entire head
  • Affect both sides of your head equally
  • Make the muscles in your neck, shoulders, and jaw feel tight and sore

Causes of Tension Type Headache

A tension headache is the most common type of headache. It can cause mild, moderate, or intense pain behind your eyes and in your head and neck. Some people say that a tension headache feels like a tight band around their forehead. Most people who experience tension headaches have episodic headaches. These occur one or two times per month on average. However, tension headaches can also be chronic. Tension headaches are caused by muscle contractions in the head and neck regions.

The cause of tension headaches is not known. Experts used to think tension headaches stemmed from muscle contractions in the face, neck and scalp, perhaps as a result of heightened emotions, tension or stress. But research suggests muscle contraction isn’t the cause. The most common theory supports a heightened sensitivity to pain in people who have tension headaches. Increased muscle tenderness, a common symptom of tension headaches, may result from a sensitized pain system.

The muscle contractions can be caused by a variety of

  • Foods
  • Activities
  • Stressors

Some people develop tension headaches after staring at a computer screen for a long time or after driving for long periods. Cold temperatures may also trigger a tension headache.

Other triggers of tension headaches include:

  • Alcohol
  • Eyestrain
  • Dry eyes
  • Fatigue
  • Smoking

Symptoms of Tension Type Headache

Symptoms of a tension headache include:

  • Dull head pain
  • Pressure around the forehead
  • Tenderness around the forehead and scalp
  • The sensation of tightness or pressure across your forehead or on the sides and back of your head
  • Tenderness on your scalp, neck and shoulder muscles

The pain is usually mild or moderate, but it can also be intense. In this case, you might confuse your tension headache with a migraine. This is a type of headache that causes throbbing pain on one or both sides of your head. However, tension headaches don’t have all the symptoms of migraines, such as nausea and vomiting. In rare cases, a tension headache can lead to sensitivity to light and loud noise, similar to migraines. 

Treatment

It’s best to treat tension headaches soon after they begin when the symptoms are still mild. A variety of medications, both OTC and prescription, are available to reduce the pain of a headache, including:

  • Pain relievers. Simple OTC pain relievers are usually the first line of treatment for reducing headache pain. These include the drugs aspirin, ibuprofen and naproxen.
  • Combination medications. Aspirin or acetaminophen or both are often combined with caffeine or a sedative drug in a single medication. Combination drugs may be more effective than are single-ingredient pain relievers.
  • Triptans and narcotics. For people who experience both migraines and episodic tension headaches, a triptan can effectively relieve the pain of both headaches.

To know the detailed procedure of diagnosis and treatment contact Nikhil Hospital, one of the Best Neurology Hospitals in Hyderabad. They are intended to serve the patients with the utmost care, compassion and commitment. You can trust them, they will make you feel better.

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