Dementia is not a disease but is a symptom for various brain disorders and other diseases. Dementia affects memory and deteriorates thinking and problem solving abilities. It also affects the concentration levels and disturbs the daily routine.
The severity of dementia differs from person to person, based on various factors. In the beginning stages of dementia, the changes are mild. When dementia becomes severe, it affects their daily life and they must depend on someone for their daily routine.
If you ever suspect that you are experiencing memory loss, consider contacting a neurologist, who specialises in diagnosing dementia, as it indicates other brain diseases.
What Causes Dementia?
Dementia is caused due to the damage of brain cells. The risk of developing dementia increases with age. When the brain cells are damaged, the brain cells would not be able to communicate with each other. This affects thinking abilities and memory power.
There are several types of dementia. Each type of dementia is associated with the damage of brain cells in particular regions of the brain. Dementia can also be caused by head injury, brain tumour, stroke and any other brain disorders.
Alzheimer’s disease is a common disease that causes dementia in old aged people. Alzheimer’s disease damages the brains cells and affects communication between brain cells. This destroys memory and thinking skills.
How To Identify Dementia?
The symptoms of dementia vary based on the cause, the parts of the brain that are damaged and also the underlying disease that is causing dementia. The common symptoms include:
- Loss of memory
- Difficulty while communicating
- Trouble to find words while talking
- Poor problem solving skills
- Inability to handle tasks
- Loss of concentration
- Difficulty while planning and organising
- Loss of interest while starting or initiating something
- Mood swings
- Inability to control emotions
- Personality changes
- Anxiety and depression
The symptoms of different types of dementia are similar and this makes it difficult to identify the type of dementia and also to get the proper diagnosis.
How Do Doctors Diagnose Dementia?
The doctor diagnoses dementia based on the medical history, physical examination, medical tests, changes in the functioning, behaviour and thinking abilities. The diagnosis of dementia takes a long time as it involves several assessments.
There is no cure for dementia, but the doctor provides the medication to reduce the symptoms of dementia.
Being supportive is the primary treatment for dementia. Changing the living environment, regular exercises and communicating with people can help people suffering from dementia. Proper care and being close to family members can also be beneficial to dementia sufferers.
Why Choose Dr Nikhil For Dementia
If you or your loved one is experiencing any memory problems, do not ignore. Contact Dr. Nikhil, a Neurologist specialised in disorders of the brain and nervous system in Hyderabad. He has years of expertise in treating dementia. He provides the proper diagnosis and identifies the type of dementia and suggests the best and efficient treatment options.
In Nikhil hospitals, test results are quickly available and your appointments are scheduled with coordination.