Epilepsy is an incurable disorder of the central nervous system. Epilepsy causes the brain to behave abnormal and causes seizures. The seizures are the result of disturbance of electrical activity in the brain.
Epilepsy can affect anyone, irrespective of the gender. But, the males have high chances of developing epilepsy than females. Epilepsy is common among children and older adults. People with epilepsy can have two or three types of seizures.
If you ever experience a seizure, seek medical attention from a Neurology Doctor as soon as possible.
Symptoms of Epilepsy
The symptoms of epilepsy vary from person to person, based on the type of seizure. Some of the symptoms of epilepsy are listed below:
- Recurrent seizures are the main symptoms of epilepsy. A single seizure is not an indication of epilepsy.
- Few people stare blankly for a few seconds during the seizure.
- Changes in the senses such as smell, hearing, taste and touch.
- Making repetitive movements such as lip smacking and blinking
- Falling or fainting suddenly due to muscle weakness
- Jerky muscle movements of the face, neck, arms and legs
- Biting tongue frequently
- Loss of bowel control
- Fear and anger
- Inability to speak
If you experience the above symptoms repeatedly, you should consider consulting an epilepsy specialist, as it indicates a serious medical condition.
What Factors Cause Epilepsy?
In many cases, the exact cause of epilepsy cannot be identified. But, the possible causes of epilepsy include:
- Brain injuries
- High fever or serious illness
- Lack of sleep triggers a seizure
- Brain tumour
- Lack of oxygen supply to the brain
- Sudden stroke
- Contagious diseases such as AIDS and meningitis and vascular diseases
- Neurological diseases
Diagnosis of Epilepsy
If you ever suspect a seizure, it is vital to seek a consultation with a doctor, who is specialised in diagnosing epilepsy. Your doctor conducts a few neurological tests to identify the functioning of the brain. The doctor also conducts blood tests to know the blood glucose levels, to identify any signs of infectious diseases and also to know the functioning of the liver and kidney.
There is no cure for most of the types of epilepsy. But, based on the test results, the doctor suggests proper medications or surgery to help prevent seizures. For some people, seizures stop eventually with the treatment. But, a few people need lifetime treatment to control seizures.
Consult Dr. Nikhil For Epilepsy
If you experience a seizure repeatedly, consult Dr. Nikhil, an experienced epilepsy specialist in Hyderabad. He has acquired vast knowledge about the epilepsy treatment options and he focuses on preventing the seizures. He also aims at providing the best treatment options that do not have any side effects.