When a person loses the functioning of a muscle in a part of his body, it is referred to as paralysis. The condition occurs when something goes wrong, and the communication is lost between the brain and muscles. Paralysis can affect one or both the sides of your body. Paralysis can be complete or partial and temporary or permanent.
When a person is not able to move or control a paralysed body part, then it is said to be Complete paralysis. In contrast, in the case of partial paralysis, you may have some control over the paralysed muscles.
It can happen just in one area, or it can be widespread. Paralysis creates a lot of problems associated with blood flow, breathing, organ functions, speaking etc. depending on area paralysed and how bad it is.
Types Of Paralysis
In the case of diagnosing paralysis, doctors usually examine the body part experiencing the symptoms of paralysis. There are two major categories of paralysis, which include localised paralysis and generalised paralysis.
Localised paralysis: It is a condition where only one specific part such as hands, feet, or face etc. in your body is affected.
Generalised paralysis: It is spread to a larger extent and may affect multiple body parts in your body.
Based on the location generalized paralysis typically classified into four main types.
- monoplegia, it is a condition that paralyzes only one arm or leg
- hemiplegia, it is a condition that paralysis one arm and one leg on the same side the body
- paraplegia, it is a condition that paralysis both the legs
- quadriplegia, it is a condition that paralysis both the arms and legs as well
Paralysis is a serious condition as it can cause severe damage and last for the rest of your life.
Causes Of Paralysis
Some are born with paralysed body parts while others develop paralysis over time due to specific medical conditions or when met with an accident or due to damage in the nervous system.
Experts say that stroke is one of the leading causes of paralysis, and it is nearly responsible for 30% of cases. An estimated 23% of cases are due to spinal cord injury. Multiple sclerosis accounts for 17% of cases.
Some other causes of paralysis include:
- Trauma with nerve injury
- Cerebral palsy
- Peripheral neuropathy
- Parkinson’s disease
- Spina Bifida
- Post-polio syndrome
- Traumatic brain injury
- Bell’s palsy
- Motor neuron diseases
Along with them, certain conditions like hereditary, spastic paraplegia, tumours and certain medications can also cause paralysis. Temporary paralysis might occur during REM sleep or while you’re waking up.
Symptoms of paralysis
The signs of paralysis are easy to identify. When a person experiences paralysis, he will lose function in a specific area or large area in their body. In some cases, a tingling or numb sensation can happen prior to paralysis condition. Paralysis also makes it difficult or impossible to control the functions of muscles in the affected body parts.
How to treat paralysis?
The treatment depends upon the underlying cause of the paralysis and the symptoms experiencing by the patient. Below are some treatment options that may help to treat paralysis:
- In some cases surgery or possible amputation
- Physical therapy
- Occupational therapy
- Mobility aids which include manual and electric wheelchairs
- Supportive devices which include braces, canes, and walkers.
- Medications like Botox or muscle relaxers for spastic paralysis
Along with the above treatment options, heat massage and exercise that help to stimulate the nerves and muscles are suggested. In some cases, Functional Electrical stimulation also offers help to the patient. Paralysis isn’t curable in many cases, even though our healthcare professionals at Nikhil hospital offers a variety of treatments and strategies to manage symptoms and makes your life easier.