Parkinson’s disease is one of the common progressive nervous system disorders that affect the body movements. Parkinson’s disease causes stiffness, difficulty while walking, imbalance and loss of muscle control.
The Parkinson’s disease is common among the people above the age of 60 or older, but it can also occur in the adults below the age of 21 and also between the age group of 21 to 40.
If you or your loved one is showing some symptoms of Parkinson’s disease, contact a neurologist immediately.
Signs of Parkinson’s Disease
The degree of Parkinson’s disease differs from person to person. Most of the people suffering from Parkinson’s disease live long lives and a few people become disabled very fast. Some of the symptoms of Parkinson’s disease include:
- Shaking of the body parts such as limbs, hands and fingers
- No facial expressions
- Slows body movements and which makes it difficult to complete simple tasks
- Muscle stiffness that reduces the range of motion
- Instability in the body postures, which causes falls
- Difficulty to start walking and making turns
- Anxiety and depression
- Difficulty while swallowing
- Loss of sense of smell
- Decrease ability to blink, smile and no or less movement of arms while walking
- Speech changes such as speaking quickly or hesitating to talk
- Difficulty while writing and the writing becomes small
If you have any of the symptoms of Parkinson’s disease, talk to a neurologist, who specialises in diagnosing Parkinson’s disease.
Causes of Parkinson’s Disease
The exact cause of Parkinson’s disease is unknown. Following are some of the causes of Parkinson’s.
Low dopamine levels: Parkinson’s disease occurs when the brain cells that produce dopamine die. Dopamine is required to send messages between the two brain areas that control movements.
As the levels of dopamine reduce, the communication between the brain areas is affected and thereby the brain behaves abnormally and causes impaired movement. Although it is known that low levels of dopamine cause Parkinson’s disease, the exact reason for the deterioration of dopamine producing cells is unknown.
Genes: Research and studies revealed that in a few cases, Parkinson’s disease may run in families.
Lewy bodies: Lewy bodies are the aggregation of proteins in the brain cells. People with Parkinson’s disease are found to have lewy bodies in their cells.
Environmental factors: Environmental factors such as exposure to toxic substances can increase the risk of developing Parkinson’s disease.
Diagnosis and Treatment of Parkinson’s Disease
Several neurological disorders show symptoms similar to Parkinson’s. Through proper medical tests and response to the medication, the doctor may be able to distinguish between the disorders from Parkinson’s. The diagnosis of Parkinson’s is based on the patient’s medical history and neurological tests.
There is no cure for Parkinson’s disease. But the doctor suggests medication, surgical treatments or any therapies to help reduce the symptoms.
Dr. Nikhil – An Expertise in Treating Parkinson’s Disease
If you experience any signs of developing Parkinson’s, contact Dr. Nikhil, an expertise in diagnosing Parkinson’s disease. Dr. Nikhil carefully understands your medical history and provides the proper treatment to help you lead long and productive lives. He also communicates with you on a regular basis to keep monitoring your condition.