Nikhil Hospitals

Trigeminal Neuralgia Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Trigeminal Neuralgia is a chronic pain caused by the irritation of the trigeminal nerve. It causes severe pain from the lower jaw to the brain.  People with this problem experience intense, stabling and shock like pain and it may extend from lower jaw to forehead. The pain will be triggered even with mild actions such as brushing teeth, putting on makeup, or while eating. The pain would be for a short period but causes burning and stabbing pain.

This condition is more common in women than in men. People who are above the age of 50 are at high risk for this condition.

Causes of Trigeminal Neuralgia

In most of cases, the reason cannot be found. The possible causes include:

  • The main cause is a swollen blood vessel that causes pressure on the root of the trigeminal nerve. Due to the pressure, the nerve sends pain signals, and the patients experience stabbing pain. 
  • Pressure on this nerve can also be caused by a tumor or multiple sclerosis (MS). Trigeminal Neuralgia is experienced at the advanced stages of MS. 
  • Physical damage to nerve can also cause this condition. The damage can be caused by any surgical procedure, infection, or an injury.
  • Family history of Trigeminal Neuralgia

Signs Showing Trigeminal Neuralgia

The patients may experience mild and short pain in the initial stages. But, as the condition progress, it causes longer and severe pain. The symptoms include:

  • Severe and shotting pain similar to the electric shock that occurs frequently
  • Sudden pain triggered by touching the face, chewing, or while brushing teeth
  • Short periods of pain that may last from few seconds to minutes
  • Aching and burning feel before causing the actual Trigeminal Neuralgia pain
  • Pain in cheek, gums, lips, teeth, jaw, forehead, and eyes.
  • Pain causing only on one side of the body
  • Pain that starts in one spot and then spreads to the whole portion of the face
  • Uncontrollable facial twitching

If you experience one or more of the above-mentioned symptoms, you should consider visiting your doctor.

Diagnosis and Treatment for Trigeminal Neuralgia

There is no specific test to identify Trigeminal Neuralgia. The diagnosis is based on the location and the type of pain and trigger points. The doctor examines your medical history and conducts neurological tests to examine the trigeminal nerve. He would also conduct other tests to rule out other similar conditions and to make sure that it is Trigeminal Neuralgia.

Based on the results, the doctor may prescribe medications to relieve your pain and to reduce the attacks. In the initial stages, the doctor suggests low doses and eventually increases the doses based on the patient’s response. 

If the pain does not stop with medications or if the severe symptoms arise again, your doctor recommends surgery. The most common surgical procedures include Glycerol injections, Stereotactic radio surgery, Gamma-Knife Radio surgery, and Microvascular Decompression.

Visit Nikhil Hospital for Treating Trigeminal Neuralgia

The doctors at Nikhil hospital provide multidisciplinary care for all kinds of neurological conditions. They believe in providing super speciality care for various neurological disorders with utmost care. To schedule your appointment with one of the best doctors, call us.

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