Vertigo Causes, Symptoms and Treatment
Vertigo is just a symptom rather than a medical condition. People with vertigo feel like they are spinning or the world around them is spinning. Vertigo can be either temporary or permanent. It can occur for any age group.
What Causes Vertigo?
Vertigo is usually caused by problems with the inner ear or brain. The common causes include:
- Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV): BPPV occurs when tiny calcium particles get collected in the inner ear. It causes mild to intense vertigo with the head movements.
- Meniere’s disease: It is an inner ear disorder caused by the formation of fluid in the ear. It can cause vertigo along with hearing loss.
- Labyrinthitis: It is an inner ear infection. It causes inflammation and dizziness. It also affects hearing ability and balance.
- Head and neck injury
- Brain tumour
- Stroke may also cause vertigo
- Certain medications that damage ears
- Severe headaches can also lead to vertigo
What are The Signs of Vertigo?
The signs of vertigo range from mild to severe based on the underlying cause. The common signs are listed below:
- Dizziness, which increases with head movements
- Heavy sweating
- Jerking eye movements
- Tilting and spinning
The symptoms may last for few minutes to few hours. If you are experiencing these symptoms frequently, seek medical attention immediately.
How is Vertigo Diagnosed?
The diagnosis for vertigo is tricky as the patients find it difficult to explain certain symptoms. The doctor tries to understand your complaints and will focus on diagnosing the cause. The doctor would conduct tests to measure your balance, examine the eye movements and to identify the affected portion of the body.
The tests vary from patient to patient based on the suspected symptoms. The common imaging tests include MRI and CT scan.
Treatment for Vertigo
In most cases, vertigo goes off without any treatment. But, the treatment for vertigo is based on the cause of the condition. There are specific treatment methods for treating vertigo. The treatments include:
- Medications: Medications can help in the early stages and several cases of vertigo. Medications also provide relief but are not suggested for long-term use. Few medications can also be used to reduce nausea and vomiting. Medications can only treat the symptoms, but cannot cure vertigo. Antibiotics can be used to reduce swelling and treat infections.
- Vestibular rehabilitation: It is a type of physical therapy, focused on strengthening the vestibular system. The vestibular system is responsible for sending signals to the brain regarding head and body movements.
- Canalith repositioning maneuvers: This procedure is used to treat BPPV. The head maneuvers are performed to move the calcium deposits from the inner ear.
- Surgery: If vertigo is caused by any underlying serious problems such as tumour, head or neck injury, surgery may be needed.
Before deciding the treatment option, consider visiting a doctor to decide the best treatment for you.
Suffering From Vertigo? Visit Nikhil Hospital
If you are suffering from frequent episodes of vertigo, visit Nikhil Hospital as soon as possible. We believe in providing super speciality care for various disorders with utmost care. Call us to book your appointment with one of our doctors.